Mamata Banerjee is an Indian politician, who is also a poet, miscellanist, and painter. She attended DeshbandhuSishuSikshalay and obtained her Honors Degree from Jogamaya Devi College. Later, she pursued Master’s Degree from the University of Calcutta. She obtained a Law degree from Jogesh Chandra Chaudhari Law College. She was conferred with a Doctor of Letters from Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology.
Banerjee developed an interest in politics at the age of 15 and she established ChhatraParishad Unions at Jogamaya Devi College, as a student’s wing of Congress (I) Party. Later on, she continued to serve for the party and took over several positions within the party. She also became one of the Youngest Parliamentarians ever in India when she defeated veteran Indian politician Somnath Chatterjee in Jadavpur constituency. She was appointed as the General Secretary of Indian National Congress. She has been able to retain Calcutta South Constituency seat in 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, and 2009 General elections. IN 1991, she sworn in the office of Union Minister of State for HRD, Youth Affairs, and Sports, and Women and Child Development. In 1997, she quit Congress and founded All India Trinamool Congress. She became Union Minister for Railways in NDA Government of 1999. Later for 2009 General Elections, she made an alliance with UPA and again became the Union Minister for Railways. However, the alliance ended due to FDI issues.
In 2011, TMC along with INC and SUCI won the State Legislative Assembly elections. Mamata Banerjee became the first woman Chief Minister of the state, while also ending Left Front’s 34 years tenure. Again in 2016 elections, Trinamool Congress alone won 211 seats out of 294, becoming the first ruling party to win without alliance in the state since 1962.