B.R. Ambedkar’s birth name was Bhimrao Sakpal Ambavadekar. It was his teacher Mahadev Ambedkar who decided to change his surname to Ambedkar and thus he is known as Dr B. R. Ambedkar. After passing his matriculation in 1907, he enrolled at the Government high school for higher education. After which he joined Elphinstone college in Bombay and obtained his political science and economics degree from there. For post-graduation, he joined Columbia University. After which, he went to London to study Law and Political Science. After which, he was employed as a Military Secretary of the Gaikwads family in Baroda.
To make changes in the society, he established an organization called Bahishkriti Hitakarini Sabha ti uplift the underprivileged class. He actively fought to give untouchable people their rights. After having seen his work, he was invited to attend the famous second round table conference which held in London in the year 1932. He was made the principal of the Government Law College in Mumbai.
In 1937 parliamentary elections, his independent party won 15 seats. As soon as India got independence, he was made to head the Constitution Drafting Committee. He converted himself into Buddhism in the later part of his life.
He was born in a cast which was regarded as discriminated by the society in India then. He dedicated his whole life to work for their upliftment. For his contribution to Indian society, he was awarded Bharat Ratna by Indian Government after his death in 1960.