Jawaharlal Nehru was a popular figure in politics in both pre and post independence and He was India's first Prime Minister. Being born in a rich family, he was educated by private tutors and governesses at home. He studied Hindu and Buddhist scriptures. He became passionate nationalist during his young days.
He attended Trinity College in Cambridge and completed his graduation with an honors degree in natural science. He studied economics, politics, literature, and history. He then completed his law studies at Inner Temple Inn in London. He came back to India and tried to stable in a career as a barrister in Allahabad High Court.
He started involving in political activities. He attended sessions of Indian National Congress. He participated in Besant’s Home Rule Movement. He followed Mahatma Gandhi. He was United Provinces Congress Committee's general secretary and participated in and was jailed for the first civil disobedience campaign. He was inspired by the non-cooperation movement from Gandhi. He started understanding Gandhi's philosophy. He was influenced by Gandhi's path of handling caste and untouchability.
Within a time he became one of the popular and influential political leaders in Northern India and was appointed as Allahabad Municipal Corporation’s president in 1920.He continued working with Indian National Congress and rejected an offer from his own father's political party' Swaraj'. Being traveled many countries Nehru was fascinated with the communist Soviet Union's economic system and wished to use it his India. He pressurized Gandhi for reducing the deadline for a massive movement to 1 year against British as announced by Gandhi in 1928.
He was appointed as Congress’ president in 1930 but was imprisoned for violating the Salt Law. He was again re-appointed as president of Indian National Congress in 1936.He urged for ‘Purna Swaraj' in 1942 Quit India Movement and was jailed for it till 1945.He was part of discussions with British Government for freedom. India got independence and he was elected as 1st Indian Prime Minister after independence and hosted the national flag at Lal Quila. He had a strong political career and worked on many important issues during his Prime Minister term.
He was very fond of children and had a large contribution in establishing Indian education system along with top institutes such as Indian Institute of Technology, India’s first space program and All India Institute of Medical Sciences. He was called as “Chacha Nehru” with love. Due to his love towards children, every year his birthday 14th November is celebrated as Children's day in India.