Lal Bahadur Shastri was a well-renowned Indian Political leader and he served as the second Prime Minister of the Republic India. Soon after, completing his graduation, Shastri joined in the Servants of the People Society. It was founded by a famous Nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai. The great Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru influenced Shastri. So, he associated himself into the Independence Movement of India in the 1920s. Lal Bahadur served in many departments such as Home Ministry, Railway Ministry before becoming the Prime Minister.
In 1930, Shastri joined in Gandhi’s famous Salt-Satyagraha. He was caged nearly three years due to his participation in the rally. In 1937, he served in the Parliamentary Board of Uttar Pradesh, as Organizing Secretary. In 1942, he went to the prison again for joining Gandhi’s Quit India Movement for which he was jailed for four years. Shastri became Uttar Pradesh Police and Transport Minister in 1947. Lal Bahadur Shastri was being the All-India Congress Committee General Secretary in 1951. Later he served as the Minister of Transport & Railways. But, in 1952 he demitted his post. He served as the Commerce and Industry Minister from 1957. He turned as the “Home Minister” after four years. After Jawaharlal Nehru’s death in 1964, K. Kamaraj, the Congress Party President recommended Shastri’s name for the Prime Minister post. In 1964, Shastri was elected as the Second Prime Minister of India. “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” was his famous slogan during the Indo-Pakistan War, 1965. The same year, Shastri attended a meeting in Tashkent with Muhammad Ayub Khan, the Pakistani President. Both the party leaders signed Tashkent Declaration.
Shastri was the first person to receive a posthumous award, Bharat Ratna, the India's highest civilian award.