June 30, 2022

Mirza Ghalib Biography, Age, Death, Wife, Children, Family, Caste, Wiki & More

Updated On : December 28, 2017

Short Biography

Mirza Ghalib was born on 27-12-1797 in Agra in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. He was an Indian Poet.

Other Name: Ghalib, Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, Asad
Appearance: Urdu

Mirza Ghalib Complete Bio & Career

Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan, known as Mirza Ghalib, is a popular and one of the prominent Persian and Urdu language poet of the last period of Mughal Empire. He began composing poetry when he was 11 years old.He used to speak in both Turkish and Persian languages and Urdu was his 1st language.He completed his early education in Arabic and Persian.He learned Arabic, Persian logic and philosophy from Abdus Samad, a newly converted Muslim tourist who came from Iran and stayed at his home at Agra.

He was court poet in  Bahadur Shah Zafar II’s court.He received royal titles, Najm-ud-daulah and Dabber-ul-Mulk by him.It gave him an entry in Delhi’s nobility.The emperor gave him a title ‘Mirza Nosha’.He added ‘Mirza’ from this title to his name. Bahadur Shah Zafar was keen to learn reciting poetry and writing.He took lessons from Mirza Ghalib.Later Ghalib was included in Zafar’s court as a court poet.He also taught Fakhr-ud-Din.He worked as a royal historian in Zafar's court.

Ali Haider Tabatabai, who hailed from Hyderabad, was first to explore Ghalib’s Urdu poetry.His poetry depicted mysticism, philosophy of life and his failed love.Description of his lover was always the beautiful part of his poems.He had independent expression and ideas.He gave more importance to emotions and feelings in his work.His work is also available in other languages now including English. Sarfaraz K. Niazi translated his poems into English by a publisher ‘Rupa & Co’ in India and ‘Ferozsons’ in Pakistan.The book was named as ‘Love Sonnets of Ghalib’.

He was highly skilled in one more type of writing other than poetry.He used to write letters.His letters gave a foundation for Urdu.He used to write letters in such a way that it felt like as if he was in conversation with his reader.He carried great humor. Indian Cine industry paid the tribute to Ghalib through a movie titled ‘Mirza Ghalib’ in 1954.The movie had Ghalib's famous ghazals and the music was composed by Ghulam Mohammed.Even Pakistani cinema did the same and came up with the film ‘Mirza Ghalib ‘ in 1961.After a time gap, Gulzar produced a TV serial titled ‘Mirza Ghalib ‘ aired on DD National in 1988.The serial received a huge positive response from the audience. Chitra Singh and Jagjit Singh composed and sung ghazals in the show.Role of Ghalib was played by the legendary actor, Naseeruddin Shah.

Mirza Ghalib Popular Videos

Health Issues, Illness and Death Info

Mirza Ghalib died on 15-02-1869 in Delhi, India at the age of 71. His residence place Ghalib Ki Haveli in Delhi has been transformed into a museum now. 

DEATHDAY 15 February,1869 (Monday)

Mirza Ghalib Family, Relatives and Other Relations

He was born as Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan to Mirza Abdullah Baig Khan and Izzat-ut-Nisa Begum.His father had served Nizam of Hyderabad, Deccan, and Nawab of Lucknow.After his father’s death, his uncle Mirza Nasrullah Baig Khan raised him. Mirza Qoqan Baig Khan was his paternal grandfather.He had a younger brother Mirza Yousuf Khan.He married a daughter of Nawab Ilahi Bakhsh, Umrao Begum when he was just 13  years old. His brother died due to schizophrenia. He had 7 children but not a single child survived.

Life's Important Dates Of Mirza Ghalib

Body Measurements

Skin Colour Fair
Eye Colour Black
Hair Colour Black

Personal Info

Home Town Agra
Nationality Indian
Religion Islam
Address New Delhi, India
Marital Status Married

Shocking / Interesting Facts & Secrets About Mirza Ghalib

  • At the tender age of 13, Ghalib got married to Umrao Begum, who was the daughter of Nawab Ilahi Bakhsh.
  • Ghalib had 7 children; sadly, none survived more than infancy.
  • Ghalib got more fame after death, though in his lifetime, the man never worked for a living.
  • This genius wrote his first poem at the age of 11.

Mirza Ghalib Age, Birthday Facts and Birthday Countdown

Mirza Ghalib was 71 years 1 month & 19 days old age.