Born as Chandra Mohan Jain, Acharya Rajneesh or OSHO was a Godman from India. He led the Rajneesh movement.
He attended D.N Jain College and graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in philosophy in 1955. Further, he obtained M.A Degree in philosophy from the University of Sagar in 1957. He was appointed as a lecturer at Raipur Sanskrit College. He became a professor at Jabalpur University, where he taught philosophy. During this time, he also traveled across India as Acharya Rajneesh and gave lectures regarding religions and socialism. He used to conduct meditation camps, which later emerged to be Jivan Jagruthi Andolan. Following a controversial speech tour, he resigned from his professor post in 1996. He also published a lecture series titled ‘From Sex to Superconsciousness’ in 1968. For the first time, he presented Dynamic Meditation method in 1970 in Mumbai. Acharya Rajneesh also initiated a group of disciples called neo-sannyasins. He then decided to settle down in Mumbai and stop traveling and giving public speeches. He received his followers at Woodlands Apartments. He also adopted the name Bhagwan Shri Rajneesh in 1971. Due to a disturbance in health, he then moved to Pune in 1974. It hosted over 30,000 visitors per year by the year 1981.
He was viewed as a controversial guru and had earned the nickname, ‘sex guru’ for his open attitude towards sexuality. He was best known for mysticism and spirituality. He has given numerous discourse transcriptions, which have been translated and published in several languages. Although not presented in an academic setting, his teachings delivered through discourses were taught with a rhetoric and were interspersed with jokes.